6th International Congress of WIAMH
Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, August 13 – 15, 1999.
THERAPEUTIC DIMENSION OF PRAYER
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine of the Tuzla University, 75 000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The work shows therapeutic value in prayer through improvement and connection of functions of physical and spiritual characteristics of person who prays. Influence of kinesiologic and physiologic influence of physical activity during the prayer is especially directed to neurological, muscular and skeleton mechanisms, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, abdominal organs and the psyche of the person who prays. Regular praying of 5 daily prayers is beneficial to the soul through meditation and praying (zikr and dova) while one does rather useful movements (one and a half hour a day of physical activity). Cleansing of body maintains the person’s body in the state of perfect cleanness. It is known that hydro-reaction of our body to the cold water has physiological effect in the sense of increase of the number of erythrocytes and leukocytes, quantity of haemoglobin and that it stimulates sensitive and motor nerves and transversal streaked musculature. It also decreases tiredness; in fact it increases mental and physical ability of a person. The paper explains kinesiologic interpretation of certain movements during the prayer (nijjet, kijjam, ruku, sedžda, tešehhud, predavanje selama). Influence of physical activity on neurological, muscular and skeleton mechanisms is of a great significance – it increases and maintains higher mobility in limbs, improves the strength of muscles and general fitness and nutrition of the tissue and it improves general oxidation processes in the whole body. Local circulation of the blood is increased for 10-20 times, pulse for 2-3 times and it also increases circulation of the blood in the brain. It increases systole volume of the lungs, improves metabolism of fat and sugar, improves peristaltic of gastric-intestinal organs and the metabolism of urine is also better. Physical activity assists elimination of temporary created pathologic reflexes. Spiritual energy before, during and after the prayer harmonises all three functions; spiritual, mental and physical. The paper shows that Islam as a religion pays great deal of attention to physical and psychical education and fitness of population through the prayer.
Key words: Therapeutic Dimensions – Prayer – Physical Activity - Spirituality
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