BACKLUND was born in 1931 in Skelleftea, Sweden. He received his
M.D. from the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, in 1959 and a Ph.D.
from the same faculty in 1972. The doctoral thesis was on stereotactic
treatment of craniopharyngiomas.
He received training/specialization in neurosurgery under Herbert
Olivecrona and Lars Leksell beginning in 1960. After specialization
he had full and independent responsibility for a 20-bed unit at
the Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, especially in charge of pediatric
neurosurgery and sellar/ parasellar and pineal region pathology.
he was Director of the Gamma Knife and Chief, Stereotactic Service,
Karolinska Hospital. From 1983-1993 he became Professor and Chairman
of the University of Bergen in Norway and in 1993 became Senior
Research Fellow, University Hospital, Linkoping, Sweden.
He has done extensive educational activities and guest lecturing
within the field of stereotactic surgery, including individual
post-graduate tutoring and responsibility for international courses.
He lists approximately 150 scientific papers mainly on stereotactic
technique as used in various neurosurgical disorders, particularly
utilizing radiosurgical methods. He has done pioneer work on transplantation
to the brain in parkinsonism. Examples of current research projects
are studies on new modes for discrimination between pathological
and normal tissue in cases of primary brain tumor. He has written
on Medical Ethics; brain death, transplantation and related issues.
He has also writ- ten articles on culture and society issues in
the public press.
the List of Honorary Members of The Society of Neurological Surgeons
Foto: dr M.Omerhodžić (Sarajevo, B&H)